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Accross the Times

  • Architecture on Coins (The building activity of mankind is as old as the hills. Depending on the available material and the prevailing developments of technology, practically all cultures have created buildings which are still admired today. Many owners were so proud of their works that they placed them on their coins, as this picture tour shows.) 
  • Letters to the Past (To sum up a whole millennium of (monetary) history on a few pages and to want to do a certain degree of justice to it is probably impossible. The following letters from a European living in the third millennium to outstanding personalities want at least to try to do the impossible.) 
  • Fashion on Coins - Clothes (Fashion is not just a matter of clothing. Fashion has something to do with ideas, and therefore how we live. This picture tour shows how fashion changed on coins.) 
  • Fashion on Coins - Hairstyle (This picture tour shows how the changes in hairstyles are reflected in coin designs in the course of time.) 
  • Fashion on Coins - Beards (Whether curled, growing without restriction, cut short and twisted or clean-shaven – at any rate having a beard or being shaven is tied up with the respective culture and epoque, with social circumstances and fashion trends. This is reflected in the portraits of the powerful on their coins, as this picture tour shows.) 
  • Rulers' Portraits on Coins and in Arts - A Comparison (Sometimes, portraits can be so lifelike that they cost the portrayed's life. In 1793 the French king Louis XVI ended up on the scaffold because in Varennes, on his way out of the country, he was recognised by a postmaster's son. The king bore far too much resemblance to his effigy on the circulating coins!) 
  • Portraits on Coins (The Renaissance loved portraits – and transformed the nature of portraits. Both in paintings and coins, out went symbolic, typical faces, and in came individualised portraits. And portraits meant profiles.) 
  • Kissipenny, Salt and Manilla - Traditional Money in Africa (To pay tribute to the diversity of uncoined forms of money, the MoneyMuseum compiles these means of payment under the term "traditional money." Such currencies were developed in virtually all cultures. With the following tour, we will introduce a small selection of African forms.) 
  • Coins of the Radio Play „Wenn Münzen miteinander lachen und streiten“ (Tired of negative headlines? Would you enjoy news which is presented in an instructive and joyful way? Welcome to Radio MoneyMuseum. We have developed three audio presentations (Antiquity, Middle Ages, Modern Times). Audio files urrently available in German only.) 
  • Emergency Money, Supplementary Money Complimentary Money - Money in different Forms (Without money, even the simplest economic activities cease. Nothing illustrates this better – and more colorfully – than the emergency-, supplementary- and complementary currencies that have been issued in times of monetary shortages.) 
  • Papal Coins (Over many centuries, the popes were territorial rulers over the Papal States in Italian lands. But in 1870, the newly founded Italian state annexed those lands. In 1929, a solution was finally found – Italy kept the land and the pope got Vatican City, an area of 44 hectares (about 108.5 acres) and an enormous financial compensation.) 
  • Portraits on Coins Antiquity (The first human being who dared to have his individual features presented on coins was Tissaphernes (c. 445-395 BC), a Persian nobleman and satrap of Lydia. Other Persian sovereigns soon followed his example; but in the western world, it would take some more time until the portrait appeared on coins. This is be the subject of this coin tour.) 
  • The History of Money (Money is beautiful, money is interesting, money allows freedom – but like a spinning top it must be kept in motion. Hoard it and you are enslaved ... But from where or what does money originate? And why it gains and looses value again and again? Here you will find answers.) 
  • Ring Money, Tea and Beetles’ Legs - Traditional Money in Asia and elsewhere (The most original form of trade was barter: the exchange of goods for other goods, or of goods for services. Under different geographical, climatic and political conditions, the diverse cultures thus created various forms of coins and currencies.) 
  • The importance of the Silk Road for the Middle East, by Arnold Hottinger. (The so-called ”discoveries” made at the beginning of the early modern period in Europe the beginning of a great disaster, whose consequences are still with us today ....).

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